Hysteroscopy has helped gynecologist to see and treat at the same time, for inner lining problems of the uterus more accurately with less invasive method. The important causes of menstrual irregularities are due to hormonal imbalance, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), obesity, fibroids, polyps, infections, cancer and medications. Out of which obesity reports more than the other causes. All these problems lead to hormonal changes leading to uterine inner lining and the muscle layer problems.
India has reported as high as 36% prevalence of PCOS among adolescent girls. The present generation due to globalization, there is a drastic change from healthy eating habits to poor eating habits, stressful life and sedentary lifestyle which are major concern on the increasing menstrual problems. Menstrual dysfunction is a common cause of referral to the gynecology clinic and the problem has a considerable impact on the health status and the quality of life of women.
Ultrasonography is easily available diagnostic modality for diagnosing the uterine problems. However some of the inner lining pathologies can even be missed with ultrasonography, with the evolution of hysteroscopy (high definition camera) helps in diagnosing and treating in day care with more accuracy. In hysteroscopy, high definition camera is inserted in to the uterine cavity which helps to pick up the inner lining problem like polyps, inner lining fibroids etc, without cutting the abdomen and also helps to treat at the same sitting.
- Lifestyle has increased the Incidence of menstrual health issues among young adults
- The prevalence of menstrual irregularity documented in India is about 30%.
Dr. Shanthala Thuppanna
Gynecological Laparoscopic surgeon
Sakra World Hospital
Ph: 080 4969 4969