How do Yogásanas help in diabetes mellitus? In diabetes mellitus we use those ásanas which need to bring deep rest to the pancreas and release the práïa blocks.
India is world’s diabetes capital. This disease is lifelong and it leads to secondary complications like Heart attack, Eye problem, Kidney failure, Foot problem, Nervous problem etc. Diabetes is a life style related condition due to an imbalance in handling a glucose load and is not a disease. It is one of the several life style related chronic conditions with an end result of complications that are related to early aging changes resulting in blockage of small and large arteries.
India currently represents 49 percent of the world’s diabetes burden, with an estimated 72 million cases in 2017, a figure expected to almost double to 134 million by 2025 (according to a November 2017 report by the Indian Council for Medical Research). Today, the health professionals are bewildered by the rapidity with which diabetes with its associations such as obesity, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, triglycerides are assuming epidemic proportions. This phenomenon is more prominent amongs’t Indians both in India and abroad (migrant), which is attributable to the rapidly changing trends of globalization and demands on coping skills leading to enormous stress.
The four major aspects of such a life style change include regular physical activity, non-smoking, vegetarian diet and stress management. Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which glucose levels in the blood are much higher than normal and hence this condition is also commonly referred to as sugar disease. The defect in this condition is either your pancreas does not produce enough insulin or it produces sufficient insulin but the cells of your body are unable to use the insulin properly.
How is stress related to life style?
1. The wrong life style that aggravates the diabetic state includes excessive indulgence in
2. Eating heavy spicy, oily foods and sweets;
3. Cigarette smoking, Alcohol, non-vegetarian foods, fizzy cool drinks;
4. Sedentary lifestyle with no physical activity;
5. Excessive sleeping or loss of sleep;
6. Emotional upsurges such as aggressive behavior, anger, fear, tension, worry etc.
Stress is both the cause and the result of an erratic life style. Stress is a psychological state of emotional reactivity in which the person has no control over the mind in general. We can see that all these situations of life style mentioned above are due to lack of mastery over one’s cravings or desires or emotional reactions. Thus stress is the cause and the result of all the life style related erratic behaviours.
How do Yogásanas help in Diabetes Mellitus?
Yogásanas are techniques to bring about very deep rest to different parts of body. This is achieved by performing the postures as per the two major hints given by Patanjali. By definition yogásanas are postures that are maintained with ease and for some time (Sthira Sukham Ásanam). In the first step of learning the final position of different postures, it is the surface (limb and trunk) muscles that are stretched or contracted to achieve the final posture. After getting to the final posture you move on to the second step wherein you relax all the unnecessary contractions by Prayatna Ùaithilya (release of effort).
In this phase when you pass your awareness to all parts of the body and check whether the muscles are all relaxed you may notice that many unnecessary muscles such as those of face, neck, back, arms and thighs were all tightened. Once you relax all these muscles except that set of muscles required to maintain the final posture, your practice will improve further. This reduces the energy expenditure and helps you to maintain for longer duration without exhaustion. At this stage, your attention has already shifted to the intra-abdominal organs. You may now move on to the third stage to experience Anantasamápatti (expanded awareness) at the point of stretch or pain.
You may visualize a feeling of expansion, diffusion and ‘let go’ without changing the final posture. This is similar to moving from Dháraïá to Dhyána. In the first phase your attention is completely focussed on to the point of pain (Dháraïá) and in the next phase you defocus or expand or merge in surrounding space and become one with the three dimensional awareness of the entire body resulting in effortless free flow of a single thought attention on the stretched zone (Dhyána). In Diabetes mellitus we use those ásanas which need to bring deep rest to the pancreas and release the práïa blocks. Hence the ásanas used under special techniques for Diabetes mellitus either stretch, compress, or twist the abdominal area, so that you may bring your awareness to the pancreatic area, focus and then defocus to give very deep rest to pancreas.
Rising Prevalence of Diabetes:
The traditional Indian diet transforms simple ingredients—lentils, cauliflower, peas, spinach, potatoes, and other humble foods, along with a magical touch of spice—into masterpieces that are not only delicious, but healthful. The illnesses that plague the Western world—heart disease, obesity, and cancer—have been relatively rare among Indians following a traditional diet.
But a tragedy looms in India. Traditional plant-based diets are under assault by Western tastes. Meat, cheese, and fast foods are increasingly popular, and the growing appetite for these unhealthful products has already begun to damage public health. Rates of type 2 diabetes and other chronic diseases have skyrocketed. Experts estimate that India will become the diabetes capital of the world by the year 2025 with 57 million people with diabetes.The good news is that these numbers could be reduced if India transitions back to a simple plant-based diet.
According to new research, a low-fat vegan diet can help prevent and even reverse type 2 diabetes.In a long-term clinical trial published in May in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers found that a plant-based diet helps people with diabetes lose weight and improve their blood sugar and cholesterol. The low-fat vegan diet helped many study participants improve insulin sensitivity and reduce or eliminate their medications. That a low-fat vegan diet is an effective approach to type 2 diabetes. Some studies have shown that a low-fat vegan diet also reduces the risk of heart disease, obesity, and some cancers.
In our nation at present more than 5.6 crore people are suffering from Diabetes, more than 5 crore are not aware that they have Diabetes, due to non medical check up. Still more than 10 crore people are in line for Diabetes due to Obese, Stress/Tension, Life style, Hereditary, Worrying for small things etc. If not managed/controlled properly on time, Diabetes leads to primary and secondary complications like heart problem, kidney malfunctioning, Paralysis, Retinopathy, Neuropathy etc. According to a Survey by International Diabetics Federation, it is seen that India is having more number of Diabetics in the World. It is scientifically proved that diabetes can be effectively managed with wonderful results through Yoga Therapy.
Dr. H.R. Nagendra -Vice-chancellor
Swamy vivekananda yoga anusandhana university (SVYASA)
Swami Vivekananda Road, Kalluballu Post, Anekal, Jigani,
Phone: 080 2263 9968